Cancer is caused by uncontrolled growth of damaged cells which replace normal cells. Skin cancer is the most prevalent of all cancers. More than 1 million new cases of skin cancer will be diagnosed this year in the U.S. alone. Skin cancers are classified into melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancers. Melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancers of all types differ in their appearance, clinical features, and aggressiveness. Melanoma, the most deadly form of cancer, is a malignancy of melanocytes, the pigment producing cells that provide skin color and allow the skin to tan. Non-melanoma skin cancers are generally comprised of basal cell carcinomas or squamous cell carcinomas.

Fortunately, skin cancers tend to start on the outer layer of the where it is visible to the naked eye. Because skin cancer can be disfiguring and deadly, early diagnosis and treatment is essential. When detected early, skin cancer is easily treated and cured. Skin cancers detected in later stages can be fatal.

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