The Betty Irene Moore School of Nursing leads the way in transformative research. Below are the active research projects led by School of Nursing faculty, students and staff.
A Stakeholder-driven Comparative Effectiveness Study of Treatments to Prevent Coronary Artery Damage in Patients with Resistant Kawasaki Disease
Principal Investigator: Katherine Kim
Prime Funder: Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI)
Award: $2.8 million ($244,842 sub-award to UC Davis portion)
Period: Feb. 1, 2017, to April. 30, 2020
Jane C. Burns, professor of pediatrics at UC San Diego and director of the Kawasaki Disease Research Center, and Katherine Kim, assistant professor at UC Davis, serve as co-primary investigators for this three-year study on the effectiveness of two different therapies for children with Kawasaki disease, as well as the burdens of treatments on those children and their families. Burns and Kim will use a parent observation tool to record discomfort, psychosocial concerns and other experiences during both the in-hospital stay and once patients go home using mobile technology.
Data Coordinating and Operations Center for the IDeA States Pediatric Clinical Trials Network
Principal Investigators: Jill Joseph
Funder: University of Arkansas
Prime Funder: NIH: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
Period: Jan. 1, 2017, to Aug. 31, 2020
The Institutional Development Award (IDeA) States Pediatric Clinical Trials Network (or ISPCTN) is a national effort to bring cutting edge clinical trial research to rural and other underserved children in order to improve their health. Focused on issues such as asthma and obesity, 17 states work with the National Institutes of Health leadership and a Data Coordinating and Operations Center in a steering committee responsible for scientific and organizational decision making. Meetings of the steering committee and its leadership group are conducted weekly by phone (often with more than 50 participants) and triennially in person. Dr. Joseph is the chair of this steering committee, and facilitates its work and supports the success of this seminal national effort.
Advanced Illness Care Navigation for African-American Adults in Faith-Based Settings
Principal Investigators: Janice Bell
Funder: Rita and Alex Hillman Foundation Innovations in Care Program
Period: Jan. 1, 2016, to Dec. 31, 2019
Hillman funding will be used to expand, evaluate and sustain the Advanced Illness Care Program, a faith-based, nursing-driven intervention developed in partnership with the Alameda County Care Alliance (ACCA) and the Public Health Institute (PHI). Since its inception in 2013, the program has trained and placed care navigators in five African-American church communities in Oakland, California. The care navigators provide referrals and care not only to congregants and their caregivers, but to persons with advanced illness in the community. The teams from UC Davis, ACCA and PHI use the funding to expand the program to three additional church communities and enroll an additional 500 congregants, community members and family caregivers. Funding is also used to train additional care navigators and volunteer care ministers to promote the program through community outreach as well as continue to support ongoing data collection that has provided evidence of the program’s success.
Improving Dementia Care through MUSIC & MEMORY℠
Principal Investigators: Debra Bakerjian
Funder: California Association of Health Facilities
Period: Aug. 15, 2015, to June 30, 2018
The scope of services for this work covers two distinct components. The first is the California Association of Health Facilities (CAHF) quality improvement research effort to improve dementia care through the use of Music and Memory℠. School of Nursing researchers consult with CAHF on development of criteria for facility selection and data collection processes for this quality improvement project. UC Davis is responsible for independently evaluating the outcomes data from that quality improvement project. The second component of the project is the development and testing of a Quality Assurance and Performance Improvement intervention. The School of Nursing team is responsible for the design, implementation, data collection and data analysis for this segment of work.
Patient-Oriented Scalable National Network for Effectiveness Research (pSCANNER) - Phase II (subaward)
Co-investigator: Katherine Kim
Funder: Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI)
Period: Oct. 1, 2015, to Sep. 30, 2018
The Patient-Oriented Scalable National Network for Effectiveness Research (pSCANNER), one of 13 clinical data research networks that comprise PCORnet, has been funded for a second phase. In phase II, pSCANNER will continue to increase capacity to conduct large-scale comparative effectiveness research and will conduct research projects using the network built in phase I. Phase II research will include projects focusing on priority topics identified by pSCANNER’s stakeholder research prioritization panels. The pSCANNER team will continue to engage patients in meaningful ways to ensure that research is truly patient-centered.
Patient and Provider Engagement and Empowerment Through Technology Program (P2E2T2) to Improve Health in Diabetes
Principal Investigator: Heather Young
School of Nursing Co-Investigators: Madan Dharmar, Sheridan Miyamoto, Yajarayma Tang-Feldman
Other UC Davis collaborators: Jay Han, Thomas Balsbaugh, Bridget Levitch
Funder: Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute
Award: $2.1 Million
Period: Sep. 1, 2014, to June 30, 2018
Researchers develop and evaluate an innovative program that uses nurse health coaching, motivational interviewing techniques and wireless sensor and mobile health (mHealth) technology. The program is based on input from patient, provider and technology experts as to how best to address the health care needs of persons living with diabetes and improve their health and wellness. The team, led by Heather Young, partners with stakeholders to revise and finalize the proposed intervention elements, evaluate the feasibility and usefulness of integrating patient-generated goals and sensor data into a mHealth dashboard linked back into primary-care practice, as well as evaluate the program’s effectiveness based on quality of life, self-efficacy, readiness to change and clinically relevant indicators.
Oral Health for Life: Promoting Oral Health Among Tobacco Quitline Callers
Co-Investigator: Sheryl Catz
Funder: National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (Subaward from Group Health Research Institute)
Period: Aug. 1, 2014, to June 30, 2018
The purpose of this project is to conduct a randomized clinical trial to evaluate the effectiveness of an integrated oral health promotion, tobacco cessation counseling program delivered through tobacco quitlines. The trial tests the effectiveness of a multimodal behavioral intervention — the Oral Health 4 Life program — targeted to smokers who are ready to quit smoking and seeking services through state tobacco quitlines.
SPLICE: An Interprofessional Program to Transform Primary Care Education and Community Health
Principal Investigator: Debra Bakerjian
Other UC Davis collaborators: Tonya Fancher, Heather Vierra, Ulfat Shaikh, Katherine Kim, Ricky Norwood, Amy Nichols, Kay Nelsen, Gerald Kayingo
Funder: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services – Health Resources and Services Administration
Period: July 1, 2016, to June 30, 2021
The overall goal of this program is to develop, test and disseminate a community-based collaborative primary care practice model that improves the patient experience, advances population health, reduces costs and enhances provider well-being. The System-transforming, Patient-centered, Longitudinal, Interprofessional Community-based Education (SPLICE) initiative is a collaborative practice curriculum for physician assistant, family nurse practitioner and medical students and primary care residents. Primary Care Internal Medicine, Family and Community Medicine and pharmacy residents will lead interprofessional learner teams to provide data-driven, high-quality care, including integrated behavioral health, to medically vulnerable communities at the Sacramento County Primary Care Clinic, a Federally Qualified Health Center. In addition, the program will provide training to faculty and clinic staff to transform the clinic into a high-performing primary care practice.
Empowerment or Further Assault on Female Autonomy? Exploring Issues of Race, Class and Power in Post-Sexual Assault HIV Prevention
Principal Investigator: Jessica Draughon Moret
Other UC Davis collaborators:
Funder: UC Davis Feminist Research Institute
Period: March 1, 2017, to June 30, 2018
This project builds off a quantitative parent study examining factors theoretically associated with accepting and adhering to post-sexual assault HIV prevention treatment, and focuses on how issues of race, class and power have impacted whether post-sexual assault prevention treatment was offered, accepted and completed. The results of this study will inform the creation of an intervention to improve HIV prevention treatment follow-up as the continuation of a developing program of research.
Family Caregiving Institute
Principal Investigator: Theresa A. Harvath
Other UC Davis collaborators: Heather M. Young, Elena O. Siegel, Ester Carolina Apesoa-Varano, Janice F. Bell, Ladson Hinton
Funder: Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation
Award: $5 million
Period: April 1, 2017, to March 31, 2021
The purpose of this grant is to support the Betty Irene Moore School of Nursing to launch the Family Caregiving Institute to support health and well-being for persons with chronic and serious illness as well as their family and caregivers.
The Neural Bases of Heightened Awareness to the Present Moment
Principal Investigator: Sucharit Katyal, Philippe Goldin
Other UC Davis collaborators:
Funder: Mind and Life Institute
Period: February 1, 2017, to December 31, 2018
It is common knowledge among practitioners that meditation enhances awareness of the present moment by reducing undesired rumination about the past or future. This lack of a need for updating the status of the world in relation to oneself, in turn, enables an enhanced and more joyful experience of the world. While such an understanding is intuitive, what are the brain mechanisms that mediate such a reduced need to reevaluate the world? One way this can be measured is using ambiguous sensory stimuli that drive the brain into a continuous reevaluation mode, with the internal perception shifting between multiple possible interpretations. The goal of the study is to investigate the neural mechanisms that accompany this slowing down of the temporal dynamics of such bistable perceptual stimuli. Specifically, testing the hypothesis, using behavioral and EEG measures, that expert meditators exercise this “staying in-the-perceptual-moment” control by having reduced task-irrelevant neural fluctuations at very early stages of sensory processing.