General Injuries Considerations

Strains and Sprains

  • Rest the affected body part as able.
  • Apply ice 15 to 20 minutes every 2 to 3 hours. Do not place the ice directly on your skin. Use a thin towel or sheet between the ice and your skin to protect the skin from "freezer" injury.
  • Using an ACE wrap may be helpful.
  • Elevation of the injured body part can help decrease and prevent swelling.
  • Anti-inflammatory medications can help with pain and inflammation that can worsen or delay healing of an injury. If you have no allergies or contraindications to these medications you may wish to try OTC Advil, Aleve, Motrin or Ibuprofen until you can be seen for your injury.

Minor burns

  • Ice will help - 15 to 20 minutes every 1 to 2 hours until the pain has abated.
  • If a blister occurs, leave it intact as it will help prevent secondary infections.
  • Continued redness, swelling or pus occurring 2 to 3 days after the initial injury may signify a secondary bacterial infection and should prompt a medical evaluation.
  • Burns resulting in significant skin disruption may require a tetanus booster, especially if your last tetanus shot was longer than 5 years ago.
  • Keep the affected area lightly covered until healed especially if the potential exists for the site to get dirty or come in contact with others. If possible leave uncovered at night.

Minor wounds

  • Keep the area clean.
  • Watch for increasing swelling, redness or pus signifying a secondary bacterial infection.
  • Keep the wound covered when at work, having contact with others or if the potential exists for getting the wound dirty.
  • Leave uncovered at night if possible.
  • Clean the wound 2 or 3 times a day with hydrogen peroxide.
  • A tetanus booster may be necessary following an injury as outlined above.

Developed by Employee Health