Erectile Dysfunction: It’s common, and it’s treatable.

If you are dealing with ED, you are not alone: nearly one in every four men over sixty years of age will experience some degree of erectile dysfunction. Younger men often struggle with ED as well. By taking the time to become involved in discussing ED, you’ve made an important first step in finding a solution to Erectile Dysfunction. There’s a lot to learn and many options to consider, so let’s get started.

What is Erectile Dysfunction (ED)?

Erectile Dysfunction is the consistent inability to sustain an erection sufficient for sexual intercourse.


Erectile Dysfunction can be:

  • A total inability to achieve an erection – You can never get an erection.
  • An inconsistent ability to do so – You can only occasionally get an erection.
  • A tendency to sustain only brief erections – You can get an erection, but can’t keep it long enough for satisfying sex.


What Causes ED?

ED is most commonly caused by medical conditions such as diabetes and high blood pressure or pelvic surgeries. Age related decline in erectile function is also thought to occur.


ED can be caused by disorders such as:

  • An injury
  • A disease (e.g. diabetes, high blood pressure, or high cholesterol)
  • Various studies have estimated that between 20% – 71% of individuals with diabetes suffer from erectile dysfunction.
  • An operation (e.g. prostate gland removal)
  • Substance use (e.g. tobacco, drugs, alcohol or medications)
  • Stress, anxiety, depression, psychological trauma

Other facts about Erectile Dysfunction:

  • Approximately 30 million American men suffer from erectile dysfunction.
  • Most men with erectile dysfunction still have the ability to have an orgasm and father a child, but often have difficulty doing these things because they can’t get or sustain an erection.
  • Erectile dysfunction is not normal, and is by no means an inevitable consequence of aging.
  • Most men at one time or another during their sexual lives are unable to get or keep an erection. This is normal and does not indicate a problem. However, millions of men of all ages experience this inability as a continuing problem.
  • In most cases, erectile dysfunction can be overcome using medical or surgical options.

 How do we evaluate you for ED?

  • We typically start with questionnaires such as the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) to determine the severity.
  • Penile injections such as Trimix may be used to assess the quality of your erection and to differentiate among the many causes.
  • Occasionally a penile duplex ultrasound is indicated if there is concern for disease in the blood vessels or penile scarring.

Treatment Options for ED

There are a variety of methods for treating erectile dysfunction. Your doctor can discuss all of these options with you in more detail. All decisions regarding your best option for treating E.D. should be made between you and your physician, with consideration given to your individual needs and the pros and cons of each treatment options.

Oral Drug therapy

Drugs for treating erectile dysfunction can be taken orally, injected directly into the penis, or inserted into the urethra at the tip of the penis. The most commonly used drugs on the market today include:

Sildenafil (Viagra)

Vardenafil (Levitra)

Tadalafil (Cialis)

   Avanafil        (Stendra)

Some patients may experience side effects with these medications including:

  • Headaches
  • Facial blushing
  • Upset stomach
  • Mild and temporary visual effects


Medicated Urethral Suppository (MUSE®,Alprostadil)

Some men may be able to gain an erection by using this medication. It involves the placement of a small pellet into the urethra  which may subsequently cause the penis to become engorged with blood. This medication proves to be efficacious in only about 30% of men. Medication price is also an issue.

Injections (Trimix, etc)

Some men may be able to gain an erection by self-injecting drugs into the penis, causing it to become engorged with blood. The advantage of injection therapy that it can easily be self-administered and in most patients leads to a strong erection when given the right dose. Potential side effects of injection therapy include: fibrosis (scarring) and long-lasting painful erections. Injections are shown to have a long-term dropout rate of about 37% – 76%. Reasons for dropping out of drug therapy include:

  • Desire for a permanent treatment alternative
  • Inadequate response
  • Return of spontaneous erections
  • Fear of needles
  • Concern over side effects


Other treatment options for Erectile Dysfunction

Your doctor can provide you with specific details about the pros and cons of each of the following treatments:

  • Lifestyle changes like stopping smoking, losing weight and eating healthier
  • Vacuum Erection Devices

Penile Implant

Some men find that the treatment options listed above are not suitable for them due to medical conditions, lifestyles, personal preference, or the treatment option may be ineffective. In this case, a penile implant may be an appropriate option.

Penile Implant

A penile implant is a device that is placed into a man’s body and is designed to help him get an erection. It is an alternative long-term treatment, that is covered by many insurance plans, which allows an erection as often as you like, for as long as you wish.

There are three basic types of penile implants that are available:

1) Inflatable "3-piece" Penile Implant

2) Malleable implant

3) Inflatable "2-piece" Penile Implant

Penile Implant Videos



How can I make an appointment with Dr. Clavijo?

      Dr. Clavijo is fellowship trained in Andrology (having also completed a Urology residency) and strives to practice up-to-date evidence based medicine when treating patients with erectile dysfunction. Along with treating patients medically for ED, he also performs a high volume of penile implants.

     Please call us at 916 734 2222 to inquire about appointments.