about kidney cancer
cancer is a relatively rare disease that nonetheless causes more
deaths than those caused by melanoma, colorectal or uterine cancer.
Men get renal cell carcinoma, the most common type of kidney cancer,
twice as often as do women. It's rare in people under age 35.
is the main risk factor for kidney cancer, almost doubling a person's
chances. Other factors include family history and exposure to cadmium,
asbestos and gasoline. Some studies show a link between obesity
and a high-fat diet and renal cell carcinoma.
in the urine is the most common symptom. Other signs are low back
pain not caused by injury, a mass or lump in the belly, tiredness
and rapid, unexplained weight loss.
cancer is usually treated by surgery. When surgery is performed
on a person whose cancer is confined to the kidneys, the survival
rate is 70 to 95 percent. If the disease has advanced past the kidneys
or has metastasized to another part of the body, it is very hard
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