Ruth E. Salo, Ph.D.


  • Assistant Adjunct Professor
To see if Ruth E. Salo is accepting new patients, or for assistance finding a UC Davis doctor, please call 800-2-UCDAVIS (800-282-3284).

Clinical Interests

Dr. Salo specializes in conducting research into substance abuse and schizophrenia with an emphasis on methamphetamine and comorbid addiction. Dr. Salo employs neuroimaging techniques and cognitive assessment to better understand the neural and cognitive correlates of brain changes associated with long-term stimulant use and comorbid substance use in psychiatric patients at the UC Davis Imaging Research Center. Dr. Salo?s interests include the identification of neural circuits involved in behavioral regulation and cognitive control. Her research program is also focused on the study of recovery that may occur in the brain following extended periods of drug abstinence. Dr. Salo is funded by the National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA) and NARSAD. Dr. Salo reviews for various periodicals including Biological Psychiatry, Psychopharmacology, Drug and Alcohol Dependence, Neuropsychologia and Psychiatry Research Neuroimaging.


Substance Abuse


Ph.D., UC Davis, Davis, California, 1997

M.A., UC Davis, Davis, California, 1993

B.S., University of San Francisco, San Francisco, California, 1989

Select Recent Publications

Salo R, Nordahl TE, Buonocore MH, Natsuaki Y, Waters C, Moore CD, Galloway GP, Leamon MH. Cognitive control and white matter callosal microstructure in methamphetamine-dependent subjects: a diffusion tensor imaging study. Biol Psychiatry. 2009 Jan 15.

Salo R, Nordahl TE, Galloway GP, Moore CD, Waters C, Leamon MH. Drug abstinence and cognitive control in methamphetamine-dependent individuals. J Subst Abuse Treat 2009 Oct; 37(3):292-7. Epub 2009 Mar 31. PMID: 19339145 [PubMed - in process]

Salo R, Nordahl TE, Natsuaki T, Leamon MH,Galloway GP, Waters C, Moore CD, Buonocore MH. Cognitive Control and White Matter Microstructure in Methamphetamine Dependent Subjects: A diffusion tensor imaging study. Biological Psychiatry 2009; 65(2):122-8.

Salo R, Ursu S, Buonocore MH, Leamon MH, Carter C. Impaired prefrontal cortical function and disrupted adaptive cognitive control in methamphetamine abusers: a functional magnetic resonance imaging study. Biol Psychiatry. 2009 Apr 15; 65(8):706-9.

Salo R, Ursu S, Buonocore MH, Leamon MH, Carter CS. Preliminary Evidence of Deficits in Behavioral Regulation in Methamphetamine Abusers: An fMRI study. Biological Psychiatry 2009; 65(8):706-9.

Salo R, Nordahl TE, Leamon MH, Natsuaki T, Moore CD, Waters C, Carter CS. Preliminary evidence of behavioral predictors of recurrent drug-induced psychosis in methamphetamine abuse. Psychiatry Research 2008; 157(1-3):273-7.

Salo R, Nordahl TE, Leamon MH, Natsuaki T, Moore CD, Waters C. Implicit attentional processes in methamphetamine-dependent subjects. Progress in Psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry 2008; 32(1):217-223.