Philosophy of Care
Dr. Choy feels the care of any child with heart disease should be a team approach. An integral part of the team includes the parents, who should be well informed and part of the decision process on the management of their child. The other part of the team includes his colleagues who are doctors, nurse specialists,nutritionist, and social worker. Major decisions about the care of a patient should be made by the team.
Dr. Choy's clinical expertise includes general pediatric cardiology, heart disease associated with single ventricle physiology, and heart disease associated with Down's Syndrome,. He has previous research experience in cardiac embryology using the chick model.
Dr. Choy places a very high priority in the education of medical students and pediatric residents. His teaching time is spent both in one-on-one teaching and group didactic sessions.
M.D., Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, 1980
B.S., UC Davis, Davis, California, 1976
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1983
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1986
American Board of Pediatrics, 1986
American Board of Pediatrics, Pediatric Cardiology, 2014
American Heart Association
Honors and Awards
Outstanding Faculty Teaching Award, 2011
Alpha Omega Alpha Honors Medical Society, 1991
Outstanding Attending Faculty, 1988
Outstanding Teaching Award, 1983
Select Recent Publications
Skeels M, Taylor D, Park J, Parrish M, Choy M: Test characteristics of a level I or II fetal ultrasound in detecting structural heart disease. Pediatric Cardiology 23(6):594-597, 2002.
Van Praagh, R, Van Praagh, S, Choy, M, Parrish M, Park J: Absent Pulmonary Valve with Tricuspid Atresia or Severe Tricuspid Stenosis. Report of Three Cases and Review of the Literature. Pediatric and Developmental Pathology 3:353-366, 2000.
Choy M, Oltjen SL, Moon AJ, Armstrong MT, Armstrong PB: Bisdiamine inhibits extracellular matrix formation and cell proliferation of atrioventricular mesenchyme from developing chick heart valves. Teratology 59:148-155, 1999.
Choy M, Oltjen SL, Otani YS, Armstrong MT, Armstrong PB: Fibroblast growth factor-2 stimulates embryonic cardiac mesenchymal cell proliferation. Developmental Dynamics 206:193-200, 1996
Choy M, Buckley C., Parrish MD: Pediatric heart transplantation: general primary community care. Progress in Pediatric Cardiology 3(1):16-19, 1994
Choy M, Oltjen SL, Ratcliff D, Armstrong MT, Armstrong PB. Fibroblast behavior in the embryonic chick heart. Developmental Dynamics 198(2):97-107, 1993
Chin C, Choy M: Cardiomyopathy induced by phenylpropanolamine. The Journal of Pediatrics 123:825-827 (Case Report) 1993
Chin C, Gandour-Edwards R, Oltjen S, Choy M: Fate of the atrioventricular endocardial cushions in the developing chick heart. Pediatric Research 32(4):390-393, 1992
Choy M, Armstrong MT, Armstrong PB: Transforming growth factor-Bl Iocalized within the heart of the chick embryo. Anatomy and Embryology 183(4):345-352, 1991.