Skip to main content
Department of Pediatrics

Department of Pediatrics

Scholarly activities

Overview

Scholarly activity is a requirement of the American Board of Pediatrics Sub-Board Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine. Through the research rotations, the fellowship program provides training and experience in the fundamentals of conducting research sufficient to facilitate a career in academic medicine. As many fellows subsequently work in private practice, scholarly activity will also prepare fellows for that role.

All fellows are expected to gain experience in both tracks, namely:

  1. Research – A basic science, translational or clinical research project, leading to a presentation at a major national meeting or a publication in a peer-reviewed journal
  2. A quality improvement (QI) or clinical care project. The fellow should identify an area of patient care in need of improvement, and seek to address it. This may include formulation of guidelines/ protocols, presentation to the Division/ Department, and follow-up of results and impediments to progress. Such projects could include:
    1. Quality improvement  – A QI project should be undertaken using the PDSA */ PDCA**  model.
    2. Development of a clinical care model, or set of guidelines to assist in management of care. Successful projects will need to recruit medical and nursing support for implementation.

Goals

  • To gain the capacity to conceive, formulate and execute a mentored clinical, translational or basic science research project, which will serve as a basis for a career as an academic neonatologist; or participate in a project of substantive scholarly exploration
  • To identify areas of clinical care that are managed poorly. To develop protocols to address these concerns, ensure that relevant physician and nursing staff are invested in needed improvement and assessing the results of interventions
  • To learn the essentials of data collection and analysis, including the proper use of statistical methodology
  • To learn to write coherently in order to facilitate communication of scientific information in the medical literature
  • To be able to present comfortably in an open forum (research conferences, departmental research presentations, Pediatric Academic Societies Annual Meeting, other regional and national meetings, and medical/nursing staff meetings)
  • To be able to explain medical and research issues to nursing and allied health personnel

Objectives

By the end of training, the NPM fellow will have demonstrated competency in scholarly activity by:

  • Completing the Pediatric Core Curriculum for Subspecialty Residents requirements
  • Completing the Pediatric resident quality improvement course
  • Presenting research-in-progress at a Neonatal Research Conference
  • Submitting original abstracts to:
    • The Department of Pediatrics Annual Fellows' Research Symposium
    • Regional Pediatric/Neonatal meetings
    • National Pediatric/Neonatal meetings (Pediatric Academic Societies, American Academy of Pediatrics Perinatal Section meeting)
    • Appropriate national subspecialty meetings
  • Generating specific QI improvements and innovations
  • Generating a specific written scholarly activity work product, mandated by the American Board of Pediatrics, approved by the individual's Scholarly Oversight Committee. Examples include a peer-reviewed publication in which the fellow played a substantial role or an in-depth manuscript describing a completed project

Mechanism for Guidance

The following are mechanisms to ensure appropriate training and guidance during research rotations:

  • Choice of research mentor, under the guidance of the NPM program director and a subgroup of faculty, based on the fellow's research interests. The research mentor serves on the fellow's Scholarly Oversight Committee and reports to the NPM program director
  • Scholarly Oversight Committee (see below)
  • Meeting with the NPM program director at regular intervals to review evaluations, personal goals, objectives and progress in the program, both clinically and in research
  • Supplemental sponsored tutorials on statistical analysis, grant writing, research methodology, study design, in conjunction with the Department of Pediatrics and the Pediatric Core Curriculum for Subspecialty Residents (PECOR)

Scholarly Oversight Committee

Review of scholarly (research) activity occurs at the local level. Once a mentor is identified, a Scholarly Oversight Committee is assembled. The committee will:

  • Determine a course of preparation beyond the core fellowship curriculum to ensure successful completion of the project
  • Meet with the fellow early in the training period and regularly thereafter
  • Evaluate progress of the fellow as related to the scholarly activity and identify any difficulties/barriers to success in the scholarly activity
  • Require the fellow to present/defend the project related to the scholarly activity
  • Advise the NPM program director on the progress of the fellow and assess whether the guidelines associated with the requirement for active participation in scholarly activity has been met

*Plan-Do-See-Act
**Plan-Do-Check-Act