Surgical pathology: clinical services - specimen types
Large specimens, including cancer resections
Major organ resections are usually a form of definitive treatment.
Turnaround time expectation for completion of report: Three to five working days. Extra time may be required for special stains, immunohistochemistry, electron microscopy, other special studies, or outside consultations
Examples: Organs from the following procedures: mastectomy, partial or complete resections of lung, esophagectomy, gastrectomy, colectomy, nephrectomy, prostatectomy, hysterectomy, salpingoopherectomy
Mastectomy specimen with cancer
Intraoperative Consultations (Frozen Sections)
Intraoperative consultatioans (frozen sections) provide the surgeon immediate feedback during an operation and guide the next surgical steps.
Typical clinical questions prompting frozen sections:
Is the lesion as suspected pre-operatively?
Are the margins of resection free of tumor?
Turnaround time expectation for completion of study: 15-20 min
Accuracy: less than two percent are discordant with permanent sections