The Betty Irene Moore School of Nursing leads the way in transformative research. Below are the active research projects led by School of Nursing faculty, students and staff.
Advanced Illness Care Navigation for African-American Adults in Faith-Based Settings
Principal Investigators: Janice Bell
Funder: Rita and Alex Hillman Foundation Innovations in Care Program
Period: Jan. 1, 2016 to Dec. 31, 2019
Hillman funding will be used to expand, evaluate and sustain the Advanced Illness Care Program, a faith-based, nursing-driven intervention developed in partnership with the Alameda County Care Alliance (ACCA) and the Public Health Institute (PHI). Since its inception in 2013, the program has trained and placed care navigators in five African-American church communities in Oakland, California. The care navigators provide referrals and care not only to congregants and their caregivers, but to persons with advanced illness in the community. The teams from UC Davis, ACCA and PHI use the funding to expand the program to three additional church communities and enroll an additional 500 congregants, community members and family caregivers. Funding is also used to train additional care navigators and volunteer care ministers to promote the program through community outreach as well as continue to support ongoing data collection that has provided evidence of the program’s success.
UC Davis Student-Faculty Partnership for Service on Oral Health
Principal Investigators: Gerald Kayingo
Funder: NCCPA Health Foundation
Period: Jan. 1, 2016, to June 30, 2017
The project has two aims. The first is an educational aim to develop an integrated interprofessional service-learning module on oral health. The second focuses on the community, hoping hopes to improve access to oral health and diabetes education in underserved communities in Sacramento through a network of student-run clinics.
ADAPTS: Action on Diabetes Awareness and Periodontal Treatment in Sacramento
Principal Investigators: Gerald Kayingo
Funder: Physician Assistant Foundation
Period: Jan. 1, 2016, to Dec. 31, 2016
The project aims to improve access to diabetes education and oral-health services in Sacramento’s underserved communities through a network of student-run clinics. In this student-and-community partnership, School of Nursing researchers propose an innovative approach to health education that will be interprofessional, patient-centered, culturally sensitive and sustainable. A train-the-trainer and peer- to-peer health education program will be developed and implemented.
Improving Dementia Care through MUSIC & MEMORY℠
Principal Investigators: Elena O. Siegel and Debra Bakerjian
Funder: California Association of Health Facilities
Period: Aug. 15, 2015, to June 30, 2018
The scope of services for this work covers two distinct components. The first is the California Association of Health Facilities (CAHF) quality improvement research effort to improve dementia care through the use of Music and Memory℠. School of Nursing researchers consult with CAHF on development of criteria for facility selection and data collection processes for this quality improvement project. UC Davis is responsible for independently evaluating the outcomes data from that quality improvement project. The second component of the project is the development and testing of a Quality Assurance and Performance Improvement intervention. The School of Nursing team is responsible for the design, implementation, data collection and data analysis for this segment of work.
Patient-Oriented Scalable National Network for Effectiveness Research (pSCANNER) - Phase II (subaward)
Co-investigator: Katherine Kim
Funder: Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI)
Period: Oct. 2, 2015, to Oct. 1, 2018
The Patient-Oriented Scalable National Network for Effectiveness Research (pSCANNER), one of 13 clinical data research networks that comprise PCORnet, has been funded for a second phase. In phase II, pSCANNER will continue to increase capacity to conduct large-scale comparative effectiveness research and will conduct research projects using the network built in phase I. Phase II research will include projects focusing on priority topics identified by pSCANNER’s stakeholder research prioritization panels. The pSCANNER team will continue to engage patients in meaningful ways to ensure that research is truly patient-centered.
Interprofessional Pain Management Competency Program
Co-Principal Investigator: Heather Young
Other UC Davis collaborators: Scott Fishman
Funder: Mayday Fund
Period: April 1, 2011, to December 31, 2016
The overall goal of the interprofessional pain management competency program is to identify core pain competencies for prelicensure learners from diverse health care professions that will ultimately change how clinicians respond to pain. Creating and distributing standardized, consensus-based competencies in pain management that can be used by educational institutions worldwide, across the spectrum of health-care practitioners will serve as a foundational step in improving the culture and content of care for adults and children with acute and chronic pain or pain at the end of life. The core pain management competencies will also be mapped with existing competencies within individual professions, including medicine and nursing. This funding also supports the development of an interprofessional learning module based on the pain competencies.
International Classification Nursing Practice: eHealth Program
Principal Investigator: Tae Youn Kim
Funder: International Council of Nurses (ICN)
Period: Nov. 1, 2012, to Aug. 31, 2016
The goal of this project is to further extend the development of the International Classification for Nursing Practice (ICNP®), a logic-based nursing terminology modeled using Web Ontology Language (OWL) to support nursing practice, education and research. The ICNP provides a structured and defined vocabulary, as well as a classification and a framework into which existing terminologies and classifications can be harmonized to enable coherent communications within the discipline and across health care disciplines. Benefits of the program include enabling comparison of nursing data across settings, projecting trends, providing data about nursing practice and policy, stimulating nursing research, and ensuring nursing is adequately represented in multidisciplinary health information systems. In collaboration with the eHealth Programme at the International Council of Nurses (ICN), Kim’s activities include ongoing development, management, harmonization and distribution of ICNP as the terminology continues to evolve. It is noted that ICNP has been translated into 17 languages thus far, available at http://www.icn.ch/what-we-do/international-classification-for-nursing-practice-icnpr/.
Patient and Provider Engagement and Empowerment Through Technology Program (P2E2T2) to Improve Health in Diabetes
Principal Investigator: Heather Young
School of Nursing Co-Investigators: Madan Dharmar, Sheridan Miyamoto, Yajarayma Tang-Feldman
Other UC Davis collaborators: Jay Han, Thomas Balsbaugh, Bridget Levitch
Funder: Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute
Award: $2.1 Million
Period: Sep. 1, 2014, to Aug. 31, 2017
Researchers develop and evaluate an innovative program that uses nurse health coaching, motivational interviewing techniques and wireless sensor and mobile health (mHealth) technology. The program is based on input from patient, provider and technology experts as to how best to address the health care needs of persons living with diabetes and improve their health and wellness. The team, led by Heather Young, partners with stakeholders to revise and finalize the proposed intervention elements, evaluate the feasibility and usefulness of integrating patient-generated goals and sensor data into a mHealth dashboard linked back into primary-care practice, as well as evaluate the program’s effectiveness based on quality of life, self-efficacy, readiness to change and clinically relevant indicators.
DESPIERTA: Developing Educational Strengths, Promoting Individual Responsible Teen Awareness
Principal Investigator: Mary Lou de Leon Siantz
Funder: Research Program on Migration and Health
Period: Sep. 1, 2014, to Aug. 31, 2016
The purpose of this exploratory project is to investigate the migration experience and its impact on the depression and pregnancy rates among the 14 to 18-years-old migrant adolescent girls of Mexico and Mexican migrant adolescent girls in the U.S. This project proposes a qualitative and quantitative approach to explore and compare risk for depression, pregnancy and access to care between those who migrate to the San Joaquin Valley of California, and those who do not migrate from Jalisco, Mexico. Mary Lou De Leon Siantz’ specific goals are to determine the rates and severity of depression, as well as pregnancy rates, in Mexican migrant adolescent girls, compare the rates in non-migrant girls in Jalisco and inform binational health policies.
Usability and Acceptance of Personal Health Network Technology for R.N.-led Cancer Care Coordination
Principal Investigator: Janice Bell
Funder: Oncology Nursing Society
Period: Jan. 1, 2015, to Dec. 31, 2016
This is a pilot study to assess and refine a novel personal health network technology for cancer-care coordination in preparation for a large-scale randomized controlled trial. Researchers describe and identify socio-demographic and job-related predictors of technology acceptance and use among oncology nurses, evaluate implementation of evidence-based chemotherapy symptom management algorithms configured in the network and evaluate the ease-of-use and acceptance of the personal health network for chemotherapy care coordination.
Director of Nursing Guidelines for Delegation in Nursing Homes: Guideline Development and Pilot Testing
Principal Investigator: Elena O. Siegel
School of Nursing Co-Investigator: Debra Bakerjian
Funder: National Council of State Boards of Nursing
Period: Feb. 1, 2015, to Jan. 31, 2017
The purpose of this study is to develop and test Directors of Nursing Delegation Guidelines as a resource for the implementation and oversight of nursing home delegation practices in accordance with state regulations. The Guidelines will provide a much-needed resource for nursing directors to effectively operationalize state board of nursing regulatory provisions for all types of delegation carried out in their clinical practice setting. The long-term goal of this project is to advance the translation of all types of delegation regulations into safe and effective nursing practice.
Social Capital and Latina Caregiver Well-being Study: Intervention and Feasibility Testing
Principal Investigator: Ester Carolina Apesoa-Varano
Other UC Davis collaborators: Ladson Hinton, Debora A. Paterniti
Funder: UC Davis Behavioral Health Center of Excellence
Period: April 1, 2015, to March 31, 2017
The mental health needs of Latina caregivers of family with dementia pose a significant public health challenge, given the unprecedented aging and projected growth of Latinos in the U.S. The aims of this study are to develop a socio-culturally informed non-kin intervention model for reducing emotional distress and burden in Latina caregivers. Researchers will then refine that model by gathering recommendations from community organizations, Latina caregivers of family with dementia, and kin and non-kin of Latina dementia caregivers. Finally they will pilot test the refined intervention with Latina dementia caregivers.
Differences in Practice and Outcomes of Nurse Practitioners, Physician Assistants and Medical Doctors in Emergency Department Visits and Hospitalizations
Principal Investigator: Debra Bakerjian
Funder: Betty Irene Moore School of Nursing
Original Award: $60,000 (Sep. 2009 to Sep. 2010)
Secondary Award: $3,500
Period: June 1, 2015, to Dec. 31, 2016
The purpose of this study is to examine whether there are differences between the care practices of nurse practitioners (both in states where there is independent practice and where physician collaboration is mandated) and physician assistants and primary care physicians in the frequency of potentially unnecessary emergency room visits and avoidable hospitalizations.
Exploring the Roles of Nursing Home Administrators and Organizations in Nursing Home Quality: A Pilot Study to Establish Feasibility of Approach
Principal Investigator: Elena O. Siegel
Funder: National Association of Long-Term Care Administrator Boards
Period: May 1, 2015, to December 31, 2016
This exploratory descriptive study establishes feasibility of an approach to examine nursing home administrator functioning and performance across multifacility provider organizations and the impact on nursing home quality. Siegel will examine ways in which the licensed administrator position looks different from one setting to the next, in terms of individual and organizational factors, and how these differences are associated with nursing home quality.
Oral Health for Life: Promoting Oral Health Among Tobacco Quitline Callers
Co-Investigator: Sheryl Catz
Funder: National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (Subaward from Group Health Research Institute)
Period: Aug. 1, 2014, to June 30, 2018
The purpose of this project is to conduct a randomized clinical trial to evaluate the effectiveness of an integrated oral health promotion, tobacco cessation counseling program delivered through tobacco quitlines. The trial tests the effectiveness of a multimodal behavioral intervention — the Oral Health 4 Life program — targeted to smokers who are ready to quit smoking and seeking services through state tobacco quitlines.
Alcohol-related Care and Outcomes for Outpatients with HIV in a National VA Cohort
Co-Investigator: Sheryl Catz
Funder: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (Subaward from Group Health Research Institute)
Period: Feb. 15, 2015, to Jan. 31, 2017
Unhealthy alcohol use is common among HIV-positive patients and associated with poorer adherence to antiretroviral therapy, increased HIV disease progression and poorer survival. This study makes use of Veterans Affairs (VA) Healthcare System data to describe and compare receipt of route brief intervention among outpatients with unhealthy alcohol use and evaluate whether changes in alcohol screening scores are associated with changes in medication adherence, markers of disease progression and mortality risk.