The following video clips demonstrate different approaches to pain management.

In a traditional approach, the practitioner is the sole information provider and decision maker regarding the management of pain after surgery.

In the shared decision-making approach, the patient is engaged in his or her own recovery process. Shared decision making uses techniques such as empathy, reflective listening and encouraging internal locus of control. Patients have the central role in managing their own pain, from proper use of medication to helpful exercise and sufficient rest. The pain self-management wheel and guide are freely available for health professionals to use in shared decision making.

Part I: Empowering self-management

Part II: Overcoming resistance

Part III: Overcoming passiveness