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Health Management and Education

Health Management and Education

Pills for diabetes

Drug Name  Brand Name  Doses Available (mg) 
Acrabose Precose® 25, 50, 100
Miglitol Glyset® 25, 50, 100

These medications are members of alpha-glucosidase inhibitors class.

How alpha-glucosidase inhibitors work

  • Works on the intestine to slow digestion of carbohydrates
  • Decreases blood sugar after meals (testing blood sugar 1½ -2 hours after meals will help you know if it is working)

Guidelines for use

  • Take with the first bite of food at each main meal
  • Starting with a small dose and gradually increasing over time may help minimize the side effects
  • May be prescribed with other medications for treatment of diabetes

What to do if a dose is forgotten

  • Wait until your next meal to take your next dose
  • Do not take 2 doses at the next meal

Side effects

Side effects may occur when starting a medication but will often lessen once your body is used to the medication.

  • Diarrhea, intestinal gas, abdominal pain or stomach upset
  • Generally does not cause low blood sugar

Who should NOT take this medication

  • People with any type of bowel disease
  • People with liver disease
  • People with significant kidney disease
  • Pregnant women

Warning: Because this medication slows the breakdown of carbohydrates, you must treat hypoglycemia with juice or glucose