Latino Aging Research Resource Center Scholars and Projects
Vineeta Chand, Ph.D.
Latino cognitive health, bilingual proficiency and language efficiency
This project seeks to test the relationship between bilingual proficiency, communicative efficiency and the age of onset of Alzheimer's among Latinos in northern California. Research on the protective (reserve) role of bilingualism for delaying Alzheimer’s disease (AD) age of onset and decline trajectory has offered conflicting findings, problematized in part by inconsistencies and lack of rigor in how bilingual proficiency is measured. In addition, a quantitative language efficiency measure, idea density (ID, a measure of how content-full language is), shows promise as a measure of cognitive reserve in White American populations, but is unexplored in ethnic minority populations, and in non-English data.
Sunshine Rote, Ph.D.
Cognitive Functioning and Support Need in the Mexican-Origin Population.
In the next few decades, the number of Mexican American elders with Alzheimer’s Disease and Related Disorders (ADRD) will increase dramatically. Given the fact that this population underutilizes formal care services, the degree of elder-care responsibilities in the Mexican American family is likely to increase in the coming decade. However, little is known about the nature and extent of need for assistance with day-to-day activities and emotional support due to ADRD-related decline. The proposed study employs a longitudinal study of 3,050 older Mexican-origin individuals, the Hispanic Established Populations for the Epidemiologic Studies of the Elderly (H-EPESE, 1993/94-2010/11).
G. Adriana Perez, PhD, ANP-BC, FAAN
Physical Activity & Cognitive Health Among Older Latinas
Latinos experience a higher risk of developing chronic cognitive diseases, including Alzheimer’s and other dementias compared to non-Latino whites. Much of the cognitive disease burden has been associated with cardiovascular disease risk factors that include high cholesterol, high blood pressure, diabetes and physical inactivity. Of the major modifiable risk factors, physical inactivity has been found to affect the largest segment of the population, particularly those with lower socio-economic status, older adults, women and Latinos. This public health concern is particularly critical among older Latinas. The objective of this research is to address important gaps in the literature by expanding our understanding of cognitive health promotion among older Latinas through regular physical activity