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Department of Internal Medicine

Department of Internal Medicine

Appointments & Referrals

8 a.m. to 5 p.m.
Physician Referral Center
Specialty referrals
and phone consultations:
(choose option #2)
Consumer Resource Center
General information
Cardiovascular medicine:

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The Ways in Which Heart Disease May Affect Women

Women's Cardiovascular Medicine Program

A variety of cardiac conditions can signal heart disease in women, including:

  • Coronary artery disease (myocardial infarction - heart attack; angina - cardiac chest pain; and sudden death)
  • Mitral valve prolapse
  • Congenital heart diseases (heart disease problems a woman is born with)
  • Valvular heart disease (abnormalities of the heart valves)
  • Hypertension or stroke (high blood pressure or "brain attack")
  • Heart disease during or following pregnancy
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Chest pain associated with panic or anxiety disorders or depression
  • Hypertension (high blood pressure) or hyperlipidemia (high cholesterol) associated with oral contraceptives
  • Spasm of the heart arteries (Prinzmetal's angina) and microvascular angina


All of these conditions are treatable and, with proper medical management, can be detected early or prevented.