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Center for Reducing Health Disparities

Center for Reducing Health Disparities

 

Research  

Research

Research is at the core of the Center for Reducing Health Disparities’ mission because it provides the community with relevant data and other information regarding the current status of health care disparities in the region. Using the information gathered from research about existing health disparities, the medical community and community members at large, can share this information for the purpose of creating new approaches to addressing pertinent issues.

 

Assessing Prevention and Early Intervention Needs Through Community Participation

This project in community outreach and input was designed to extend the Department of Mental Health stakeholder process to increase the participation of underserved communities in determining priorities for prevention and early intervention, to lay the foundation for ongoing engagement with underserved communities and to assist in the planning and implementation of early intervention and prevention initiatives. 

 

County-Level Mental Health Tracking System

Our research team developed a detailed plan for constructing a county-level mental health tracking system for the State of California. The goal of this project was to demonstrate how existing data can be used to track mental health services access and utilization and examine the possible disparities at the local level through the use of census tracts within counties. We developed procedures for producing a county-level and county penetration rates and other measures of mental health needs and services by gender, age, race/ethnicity, and other risk factors through the use of geographic information system or GIS and how this may be used to illustrate meaningful patterns of mental health services access and utilization in an understandable way that will be useful to the counties.

 

California Reducing Disparities Project Latino Strategic Planning Workgroup

The California Reducing Disparities Project-Latino Focus created an advisory group called El Concilio. This group included Latino community leaders from across California who represented various stakeholders in the Latino community such as providers, professors, consumers, families, therapists, lawyers, directors, ethnic service managers, promotores/as, researchers etc. Data was collected from 13 community forums, including two specifically for the Lesbian, Gay, Transgender, Questioning (LGBTQ) community, and students who were young adults. A Reducing Disparities Latino report titled Community-Defined Solutions for Latino Mental Health Care Disparities was produced by this project. This report included an inventory of community-defined strength based promising practices, models, resources and approaches that are helpful for practitioners, program planners, and policy makers when designing and implementing effective prevention and early intervention programs to reduce, and improve services to better address mental health needs for the Latino community.

 

Exploring the Effects of Parental Deportation on U.S Citizen Children

The purpose of this study is to understand what happens to the psychosocial functioning of U.S. citizen-children of Mexican heritage who have left the U.S. following their parents’ deportation, or have remained in the U.S. under the care of one parent, other family member or friends. This is a bi-national collaboration between UT Austin, UC Davis and Instituto Nacional de Psiquiatria of Mexico; funded by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development.

 

Mental Health Services Act Oversight and Accountability Services Evaluation

The purpose of this evaluation is to aid the Mental Health Services Oversight and Accountability Commission (MHSOAC) in its efforts to explore the impact the Mental Health Services Act (MHSA), as well as state and local policies and practices, has on disparities in access to treatment services and the quality of the outcomes of the public mental health system. The UC Davis Center for Reducing Health Disparities (CRHD) specifically plans to evaluate disparities in access by age, gender, race/ethnicity, and primary language at county, region and statewide levels. Depending on the availability of data, the CRHD also aims to investigate disparities in regards to sexual orientation/gender identity, country of origin, and relationship status (i.e., married, divorced, widowed). This evaluation is guided by a mixed-methods approach employing quantitative analyses of statewide data and qualitative Community-Based Participatory Research Methods (CBPR) with underserved and inappropriately served groups.

 

A Sentinel Network to Increase Community Participation in Research

According to the National Institutes of Health, although there are about 80,000 clinical trials conducted in the US annually, only about 1% of the population participates in them. By increasing the diversity of health research participants, we help the medical field to: understand health issues facing diverse populations, develop medical solutions appropriate and effective for all people's needs, and give everyone a voice to make known what kind of health information is important to them.

The Sentinel Network is a multi-center project initiated by Washington University in St. Louis and funded by the National Institutes of Health. The project signifies a developing collaboration of 6 CTSA sites (Washington University in St. Louis, University of Michigan, University of Rochester, Albert Einstein-Montefiore Medical Center, University of Florida, and UC Davis). The purpose of the Sentinel Network is to detect emerging community issues regarding participation of underrepresented populations in health research; specifically, health concerns, neighborhood concerns, and motivations and barriers to health research participation of community members in Sacramento, CA. Phase II of the Sentinel Network expanded efforts to include health, social services, and research referrals.